The Forgotten Presidents by Scott W. Hotaling

The Forgotten Presidents

By Scott W. Hotaling

  • Release Date: 2012-11-28
  • Genre: History
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This book covers all of the forgotten presidents. 

The presiding officer of the Continental Congress was usually styled "President of the Congress" or "President of Congress". After the Articles of Confederation were adopted on March 1, 1781, the Continental Congress, previously officially known as simply "The Congress", became officially known as "The United States in Congress Assembled." Thereafter, the president was referred to as the "President of the United States in Congress Assembled", although "President of (the) Congress" was used in some official documents.

The president of the Continental Congress (Inclusive of the First, Second and Confederation Congresses) was the presiding officer of the Continental Congress, the convention of delegates that emerged as the first national government of the United States during the American Revolution. The president was a member of Congress elected by the other delegates to serve as an impartial moderator during meetings of Congress.

George Washington referred to the office as "the most important seat in the United States".

The first president of Congress was Peyton Randolph, who was elected on September 5, 1774. The last president, Cyrus Griffin, resigned in November 1788. Because of the limited role of the office, the presidents of Congress are among the lesser known leaders of the American Revolution. The best-known president of Congress is John Hancock, remembered for his large, bold signature on the Declaration of Independence, which was adopted and signed during his presidency.