The goal of this chapter is to introduce the aspects of chemistry that are important to minerals by focusing on the atomic structures of the eight most abundant elements in the Earth's crust and how those structures affect mineral formation. Included are detailed animations show the different types of orbitals, how neutral atoms change to a charged particles (anion or cation), different types of atomic bonding, and ionic sizes.
Topics covered in Chapter 3 include:
• Structures of Atoms
• From Atoms to Ions
• Atomic Bonds
• Ionic Sizes
The Mineralogy and Optical Mineralogy Series is specifically designed to take full advantage of digital media technology to empower students and teachers of mineralogy. Using color photographs, illustrations, movies, 3D models that can be rotated, interactive diagrams, and review questions, this series makes a challenging subject approachable. Also, each chapter in the series is available separately allowing the reader to pick and choose only those chapters they need for their specific course.